Detailed Timeline of the Indian Mutiny

Date Event
March 1857 19 BNI mutiny at Berhampore.  They are marched to Barrackpore and disbanded.  7 companies of 34 BNI mutiny at Barrackpore and are disbanded.
May 10 7 Oudh Irregular Infantry disbanded at Lucknow.
3 BLC, 11 BNI and 20 BNI mutiny at Meerut.  The start of the Mutiny.  The mutineers free prisoners and run amok in a night of massacre and mayhem.
May 11 The mutineers from Meerut advance on Delhi where they are joined by the 38, 54 & 74 BNI.  The mutineers kill their officers and their families.  Some escape to “the Ridge”.  Lt Willoughby blows up the Delhi magazine from the inside and miraculously survives.
May 13 8 BLC, 16, 26 & 49 BNI disarmed at Meean Meer in the Punjab by a wing of the HM 81st Foot and some Bengal Horse Artillery.
May The Gurkha (new) Nasiri battalion is disaffected temporarily and slows General Anson’s advance. 
May In two battles Gen Archdale Wilson’s pursuing Meerut Brigade inflict defeats on the mutineers at Ghaziudin and Nagar.  The rebel cause is not affected - they have Delhi!
May Maj Charles Reid with the Sirmoor Battalion and two elephants of ammunition join Barnard’s column on the way to Delhi.  Barnard had replaced Anson who had died of cholera.
May Magazines at Ferozepore and Phillour secured.
May 57 BNI disarmed at Ferozepore by HM 61st Foot.
May 45 BNI at Ferozepore, 3 BNI at Phillour, 36 & 61 BNI at Jullundur all mutiny at march to reinforce Delhi.
May Battle of Sutlej where 3 companies of loyal Sikhs under Lt Williams and Mr Ricketts, the Deputy Commissioner attack 1,600 mutineers.  The Mutineers are delayed.
May Peshawar, 3 british battalions, 7 & 18 Irreg Cav, 21 BNI, the Kalat-i-Ghilzai Regt and the Corps of Guides remain loyal.
24, 27 & 51 BNI disarmed on point of mutiny.
May 55 BNI mutiny and flee from Mardan with their weapons but are destroyed by Nicholson with his Multani Horse.
May  64 BNI disarmed at Abazai
May 30 Open Mutinies at:
Lucknow: 7 BLC, 13,48 & 71 BNI and most of Oudh Irregulars.
Aligarh:  9BNI
Fategarh: 10 BNI
Jhansi & Nowgong: 12 BNI
Azamgarh: 17 BNI
Bareilly: 16, 68 BNI
Fyzabad: 22 BNI
Shajehanpur & Moradabad: 28, 29 BNI
Sitapur: 41 BNI
more followed suit.
June 4 Benares Mutiny:  37 BNI, 13 Irreg Cav and part of the Ludhiana Sikhs.  The Sikhs very quickly reversed this decision. 
June 5 Cawnpore Mutiny:  2 BLC, 1, 53, 56 BNI.  Gen Wheeler beseiged.
June 6 Allahabad:  6 BNI mutiny but the Ferozepore Sikhs remain loyal and prevent capture of the fort.  Col (Smith-) Neill releived them later and the mutineers left for Delhi.
June 8 Battle of Badli-ki-Serai.  Mutineer attempt to clear British from The Ridge fails.  “Siege” of Delhi now established.
June Mhow:  1 BLC and 23 BNI mutiny
June Neemuch:  72 BNI, 7 Gwalior inf mutiny and head for Delhi and are joined by mutineers from Medhipur and Kotah contingents at Agra.
June Nuseerabad:  15 & 30 BNI mutiny
June 27 Cawnpore:  Massacre at Sati-Chaura Ghat by troops of the Nana Sahib.  The Nana Sahib was Nana Dandhu Pant adopted son and heir of Baji Rao, last of the Peshwas.   Of the males only Lt Delafosse and Lt Thomson of 53 BNI and two men escaped.  Surviving women and children held prisoner.
June 30 Major Renaud moved on Cawnpore with 400 British, 300 Sikhs, 95 Irregular Cav, the faithful remnants of the 13 BNI & 3 Oude Irreg Cav and two guns.
June 30 Lucknow garrison makes an expedition to Chinhat where the mutineers in overwhelming numbers defeat them and pusue them back to Lucknow.
July 2 Lucknow: Sir Henry Lawrence mortally wounded by shell fragment.
July 4 Lucknow: Sir Henry Lawrence dies of his wounds, succeeded by Col Ingram of HM 32nd Foot.
July 5 Shahganj & Sassia mutineers met by 500 Bengal European inf, a field battery and some volunteer horse.  They inflicted a heavy defeat on the mutineers but had to withdraw due to a shortage of ammunition.  The force lost 49 KIA, 92 WIA.  The mutineers closed in on the withdrawing troops and destroyed the cantonment killing all who had not left.
July Saugor District:  3 Irreg Cav & 42 BNI mutiny, 31 BNI remain loyal
July 7 Sialkot Mutiny mishandled.  14 BNI were being disbanded by the Rawalpindi Detachment.  In the ensuing action the mutineers escaped  and took refuge in the village of Samli.  British attacked with a loss of 44 KIA and 109 WIA.  Mutineers fled to Delhi at night leaving a large number of dead.  As a result the 9 BLC and 46 BNI in Sialkot mutinied, opened the gaol, burned the cantonment and marched on Delhi.  They were intercepted by Nicholson’s column at Trimu Ghat..
July 10 Havelock hears of massacre at Sati-Chaura Ghat at Cawnpore.  His mobile column of 1,000 troops from HM 64, 78, 84 and 1 Madras Fus, 130 Ferozepore Sikhs, 20 Volunteer cavalry and 6 guns advance on Cawnpore.
July 12 Havelock and Renaud meet at Fatehpur and defeat mutineers.
July 12 Nicholson meets and defeats the Sialkot Mutineers at Trimu Ghat.  His forces follow up.
July 15 Havelock fights two battles close to Cawnpore at Aoung and the Pandu Naddi wins both.
July 15 Cawnpore, the women and children are massacred.  The bodies of the dead, dying and wounded are dropped into a well.
July 16 Nicholson’s column follows up the defeated mutineers and destroys them completely.  He returs to Amritsar and is reiforced by the 4th Sikh from Ludhiana.  Then he marches on Delhi.
July 16 Just outside Cawnpore, Havelock scatters the Nana Sahib’s forces.
16/17 July Massacre at Cawnpore dicovered.  Troops shocked and filled with a desire for vengeance.
July 25 Havelock crosses Ganges and marches on Lucknow
July 29 Havelock fights Battles of Unao and Bashirganj - although victorious in both actions his force is so weakened by cholera and heat stroke that he is forced to withdraw to Mangalwar.
August Sirmoor  and Kumaon Gurkha Bns; Corps of Guides; 2nd, 5th Punjab Cavalry; 4th Sikh Infantry, 1st, 2nd, 4th Punjab infantry, New Levies and a Battalion of Pioneers, arrive Delhi.
August 4 Havelock resumes advance.
August 5 Second Battle of Bashirganj, Havelock again victorious and again forced to withdraw to Mangalwar.  The 7, 8 & 40 mutinous BNI were closing in on his rear from Dinapore.  Built bridge of boats over the Ganges. 
August 5 Col Neill at Cawnpore is threatened by several thousand mutineers.
August 7 Nicholson’s Column arrives at the Delhi Ridge.
August 7 Lawrence sets out for the Delhi Ridge with Hodson’s Horse, 1st Sikh Irregular Cavalry, 18 new regiments of infantry including 2 of Mazbi Pioneers. 
August 12 Battle of Burbia-ki-Chauki. The assembled mutineers defeated by Havelock.  
August 13 Havelock recrosses Ganges and marches on Cawnpore.  Discovers that the Nana Sahib is at Bithur and marches there.
August 16 Battle at Bithur Havelock crushes Nana Sahib but is again forced to withdraw to Cawnpore for reinforcements.
August 25 Battle of Najafgarh, Nicholson with a Squadron of Guides, 2nd and 5th Punjab Infantry defeat Mutineers to allow safe passage of the siege train onto Delhi Ridge.
September 14 Assault on Delhi by four columns:
1.   Escalade of left face of Kashmir Bastion and breach to left.  Then moved on to the Kabul Gate and Mori Bastion at took them.  Forced back when almost at the Lahore Gate.
2.   Attacked the breach by the Water Bastion and then joining with No1 Column took the Mori Bastion and Kabul Gate.
3.   Bengal Sappers and Miners blew in the Kashmir Gate and secured the area. Entered city near Jumna Masjid but were forced back because they lacked sufficient artillery.
4.   Met with a repulse at Kishanganj barricades.  Forced back by mutineers.  Situation saved by the cavalry brigade who were exposed to heavy fire and suffered heavy casualties.
September 15 The column consolidate their position in Delhi.
16 - 20 September The assault columns push into and take Delhi in bitter and costly street fighting.  299 KIA, 877 WIA, 10 MIA.
September 16 Havelock now reinforced marches on Lucknow.  Gen Outram present but allows Havelock to command even though Outram is senior.
September 21 Battle at Mangalwar Havelock defeats mutineers..
September 21 Hodson and 50 Punjabi troopers go to the tomb of Humayun fout miles away to arrest the Emperor and the Princes.  The last of the Moghul Emperors surrendered.
September 22 Hodson, Lt McDowall and 100 troopers demanded the surrender of the three Shadazahs (Imperial Princes, sons of the Emperor).  His personal courage swayed the mutineers and the Emperor’s supporters and all three surrendered.  On the way back towards Delhi the cavalcade was surrounded by a mob.  Hodson shot all three Shadazahs.  He claimed it was done “to prevent a riot”.
September 23 Battle at Alambagh outside Lucknow Havelock defeats mutineers.
September 24 Battle of Balanshahr Gen Wilson detached a force of 2,800 men from Delhi under Col Greathead.  The Force comprising detachments of Hodson’s Horse, 1st, 2nd, 5th Punjab Cavalry, 2nd and 4th Punjab infantry and 200 pioneers suffered 47 casualties in defeating the mutineers. 
25 - 26 Sept First relief of Lucknow.  The siege is not raised.  Havelock’s column now joins the defenders.  Outram assumes command.  Column loses 196 KIA, 339 WIA.  The defenders included substantial portions of the loyal 13, 48 & 71 BNI which were reformed as the “Lucknow Regt” after the mutiny.
October 10 Col Greathead’s Column reaches Agra.  As camp was being set a force of mutineers from Mhow arrived (1 BLC, 23 BNI and mixed fugitives from Delhi).  The surprise was mutual and the mutineers were slow in reacting.  They were soundly defeated and dispersed.  Col Greathead then set off for Cawnpore.  
October 10 Bikaner Brig Showers with a detachment of the Guides, Hodson’s Horse, Kumaon Bn, 1st Punjab infantry marched westwards to Bikaner.  He found it deserted and with no organised resistance to suppress he returned.  Immediately a force under Lt Col Gerrard was despatched to search out the enemy.
October 27 Sir Colin Campbell leaves Calcutta to relieve Lucknow.
November 12 Sir Colin Campbell arrives at the Alambagh near Lucknow.
November 14 Lucknow  Dilkusha Park and Martiniere House on the outskirts of Lucknow attacked and taken.  A spirited enemy counter attack defeated.
November 16 Battle of Narnaul  Lt Col Gerrard finds the mutineers.  His column comprised a detachment of Guides, Lind’s Multani Horse, 7th and 23rd Punjab Infantry.  The mutineers were defeated and dispersed but Gerrard was killed.
November 16 Lucknow  Capture of Sikanderbagh achieved by 2 companies of the 93rd Highlanders while the remainder of the 93rd, the 53rd, 4th Punjab and a battalion of detachments (84th, 90th & 1st Madras Fusiliers) fought their way in elsewhere.  The Sikanderbagh was held by mutinous sepoys of the 71 BNI and Oudh Irregulars.  Later that afternoon the Shah Najaf was captured with heavy losses on both sides.
November 17 Lucknow  The “Mess House” and the Moti Mahal carried as well as Bank’s House.  The garrison and relief column link up.  122KIA, 414 WIA, 5 MIA.
November 22 Lucknow garrison withdraws
November 24 Lucknow  General Havelock dies.Gen Outram and a small force left at the Alambagh.
November 24 Cawnpore  Threatened by Tantia Topi one of the most capable of the mutineer leaders.
November 26 Cawnpore  Windham attacks the Gwalior contingent at the Pandu Nadi.  Successfully defeats the mutineers and then fall back to Cawnpore.  Cawnpore attacked by Tantia Topi and British and loyal troops forced back into their entrenchments.  Tantia Topi’s objective appears to be the bridge of boats.
November 29 Cawnpore   Sir Colin Campbell arrives.  This alows the women children sick and wounded to be relieved and sent to Allahabad.
December 6 Cawnpore  Sir Colin attacks with a right turning manoeuvre which is a brilliant success.  Follow up delayed for three hours because the transport had not returned from the Allahabad expedition with the women and children. Col Smeaton’s Column comprised:  Hodson’s Horse, 7th Punjab Infantry, 1st Bengal Fusiliers, 120 Punjab pioneers
December 14 Gangari  Col Smeaton defeats mutineers with little difficulty.
December 17 Patiali Col Smeaton defeats mutineers with little difficulty.
December 27 Mainpuri Col Smeaton defeats mutineers with little difficulty.
23 Dec - 16 Jan Several unsuccessful attacks by mutineers on the Alambagh.
16 Feb 1858 Major concerted effort by Rebels to overrun the Alambagh before Sir Colin Campbell’s column returned to Lucknow.  Determined attack driven off.
February 17 Mutineers again attack Alambagh and are repulsed.
February 21 Mutineers again attack Alambagh and are repulsed with heavy loss.
February 25 Mutineers and Rebels launch a massive final attack on the Alambagh.  Rebels decisively defeated.
February 25 Jaunpur Field Force of 3 British Battalions and 3,000 Gurkhas ends campaign by capturing the fort at Dhaurara.  (Other engagements were Chanda, Hamirpur, Sultanpur).
March 1 Sir Colin Campbell returns to Alambagh with large forces.  Plans to take Lucknow by turning rebel right and having 1st Div cross river to attack rebel rear.
march 2 Dikusha Park seized.
March 5 Bridge of boats built, Franks’ Jaunpur Field Force arrived at Alambagh.
March 6 Outram crosses Gumti with 2 Punjab Cav, Detachments of 1 & 5 Punjab Cav, 2 Punjab Inf.  Drove the rebels before them for three days then enfiladed rebel line rendering it untenable.
March 9 Martiniere carried.
March 10 Banks’ House carried
March 11 Sikanderbagh carried, Shah Najaf occupied without opposition, 93rd Highlanders and 4 Punjab Inf storm the Begum Koti.  Hodson was killed during this operation.
March 14 Imambara stormed by 10th Foot and the Ferozepore Regt.  Rebel 2nd and 3rd lines now turned.  Kaiser Bagh stronghold carried.
March 21 Lucknow completely recaptured, and gradually the whole province was recovered. A campaign in Rohilkhand followed. Meanwhile, in central India Sir Hugh Rose, starting from Mhow, demolished several forts, defeated the rebels before Jhansi, took that city by storm in March, and under a burning sun routed a large force at Kalpi. On hearing that Tantia Topi had occupied Gwalior, he recaptured that city and fort in June, and then, broken down in health, handed over his command to Robert Napier. After his defeat, Tantia Topi maintained for ten months a reduced body of adherents, who outstripped the movements of several British columns, until at last he was betrayed and captured (April, 1859). About the same time, the force cooperating with Jung Bahadur against some 10,000 sepoys and the followers of the Nana Sahib and the Begam of Oudh was joined by troops under Hope Grant, who dispersed the enemy. Organised resistance was at an end, the Nana Sahib disappearing for ever in the inhospitable jungles of Nipal. Votes of thanks were passed by both Houses of Parliament
May 1, 1859 Services of thanksgiving were held throughout the kingdom.